1950s

The space race begins. Read more

1960s

First woman astronaut Read more

1970s

Space exploration continues....without the women Read more

1980s

First American woman in space Read more

1990s

First British astronaut Read more

2000s

First female Space Station commander Read more

2010s

More nations enter space Read more
1991s-head

1991

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Helen Sharman becomes the first British astronaut. She was selected from 13,000 applicants to visit the Soviet space station Mir in May 1991. Sharman now works at the Faculty of Science, Engineering…

1983s-head

1983

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Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space. Ride joined NASA in 1978 after studying physics at Stanford University, and went into space twice and worked for NASA until 1987….

1963s-head

1963

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Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman and first civilian in space. Tereshkova spent 3 days in space and orbited the earth 48 times on Vostok 6, the sixth manned flight…

1961s-head

1961

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Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human in space, flying a single orbit around the Earth in the spacecraft Vostok 1. American Alan Shepard followed Gagarin into space three weeks later.

1957s-head

1957

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The Soviet Sputnik 1 becomes the first satellite successfully launched into space. A US satellite launch later the same year is a public failure.

1955s-head

1955

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The “Space Race” begins with both the United States and Soviet governments announcing an intent to launch satellites into Earth’s orbit.